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Types Of Culverts

Culverts are structures which helps in the drainage of water under obstructions such as trails, railroads, and roads. The materials that are used to make the culverts are such as plastic, concrete, aluminum, galvanized steel or other materials.
There are many sizes and shapes of the culverts. There are also many different types of the culverts. The types include; pipe culverts, arch culvert, bridge culvert, metal box culvert, box culvert and pipe-arch culverts.
Selection of the culvert is dependent on some certain factors which help with making the choice. They include a number of factors include the elevation and grade, cost of maintenance, how deep it should be installed, the traffic or movement above the culvert, and the cost of installation as well.
Each culvert type has it own advantages and benefits.
Advantages of using the culverts made from pipes are such as water crosses under the structure, any strength can be designed for the culvert, it has the capability of withholding any stresses both tensile and compressive, and they are economical.
Pros of pipe-arch culverts include; improved hydraulic capacity at a low flow, easy installation, are light to handle, aesthetic shape and appearance, and the headroom condition is limited in nature.
Box culverts are economical and also the direction of the water can be changed in the event of large amounts of water as well as they are very strong are among the benefits of this culvert type.
Benefits of arch culverts are such as have a greater hydraulic efficiency, a design build advantage, saving costs, have an accelerated construction schedule, the aesthetics are pleasing.
Bridge culverts also have their own benefits and features which make them stand out such as being strong, extension of the network, the foundation is very strong, and it allows for traffic to pass through it well.
Metal box culverts also have their own benefits which include; they are durable, the service life is long, they have deformation ability, easy installation and also have a shorter construction period.
Culvert rehabilitation comes in handy as they susceptible to damage and may need to be repaired or replaced. There are many rehabilitation methods that exist. The rehabilitation techniques include, slip lining, cured in place lining, form and fold lining, cement mortar spray on lining, spiral wound lining.
Hiring a company that can do the rehabilitation of the culverts is dependent on factors such as the cost of the services of rehabilitating the culverts, the presence and experience of the rehabilitation company in handling such matters, the company needs to have a wide range of services and techniques that involve the rehabilitation process and also the reputation of the company also matters.

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